The Veneridae or Venus clams are considered by many conchologists to contain some of the most beautiful molluscan bivalve species. Some exhibit strong colors and patterns, while others are less colorful, but have prominent, fluted lamellae or ribs. The smallest species are less than 10mm in size. The handful of the largest species of Venerids can measure over four inches in length, though the average size for species in the family is between one and three inches. Veneridae is one of the largest molluscan bivalve families with more than 500 species known to science.

ECOLOGY: Veneridae are found across all tropical oceans as well as in the icy waters of the Antarctic and Arctic. Some species inhabit intertidal sand flats while others are brought up in trawl nets from depths below 200 meters of water.

TAXONOMY:
Veneridae
Veneridae

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VENERIDAE LITERATURE

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VENERIDAE CLASSIFICATION

Phylum: MOLLUSCA (Linné, 1758) Cuvier, 1795

Class: BIVALVIA Linné, 1758

Subclass: HETERODONTA Neumayr, 1884

      Order: VENEROIDA H. & A. Adams, 1857

      Superfamily: VENEROIDEA Rafinesque, 1815

Family:VENERIDAE Rafinesque, 1815




Highlight and click the classification term for a definition and additional information.

VENERIDAE SUBFAMILIES & GENERA
CIRCINAE
     
     
SAMARANGIINAE
     
     
     
DOSINIINAE
     
     
     
CLEMENTIINAE
     
     
     
CYCLININAE
     
     
     
GEMMINAE
     
     
     
Taxonomic Ref.: Keen, A. M. (1969). Superfamily Veneracea. pp. 670-690, in: Leslie Reginald Cox et al., Part N [Bivalvia], Mollusca 6, vols. 1 and 2: xxxvii + 952 pp. In: Raymond C. Moore, ed., Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Lawrence, Kansas (Geological Society of America & University of Kansas).
Subfamily: VENERINAE back to menutop of page
VENUS Linnaeus, 1758  >
Venus Linnaeus, 1758; Vaught, 1989: 135; Le Renard, 1996: 174; Callista Leach, 1852 (non Poli, 1791); Clausina Brown, 1827; Mioclausinella Kautsky, 1936 (inv.); Tenus Michelotti, 1839; Venusarius Froriep, 1806 in Duméril (Vaught, 1989: 135 date as 1805); Ventricola Römer, 1867 Ventricoloidea Sacco, 1900; Venus (Ventricoloidea); Vaught, 1989: 135.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca
Venus declivisVenus declivis Sowerby, 1853 - Ghana, 28-34mm. Ref.:  
AMEGHINOMYA Ihering, 1907 (fossil ?)   >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
ANTIGONA Schumacher, 1817  >
Antigona Schumacher, 1817; Antigona (Antigona) Schumacher, 1817; Omphaloclathrum Mörch, 1853.
Ref.: 2007. OBIS Indo-Pacific Molluscan Database
Antigona lamellarisAntigona (Antigona) lamellaris (Schumacher, 1817) - Australia, 40mm. Ref.:  
CIRCOMPHALUS Klein in Mörch, 1853  >
Circomphalus Klein in Mörch, 1853; Vaught, 1989: 135.
Ref.:
Circomphalus_foliaceolamellosusCircomphalus foliaceolamellosus (Dillwyn, 1817) - Ghana, 71.8mm - West African distribution. Found from intertidal to subtidal zones. This shell was dredged off Accra, by fishermen in about 60 meters of water. Ref.: Circomphalus_foliaceolamellosusCircomphalus foliaceolamellosus (Dillwyn, 1817) - Sahara, 50mm - an extremely frilly example of this eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean species. Ref.:
DOSINA Gray, 1835  >
Dorsina Gray, 1840 (nom.null.) Dosinula Finlay, 1926; Subgenus: PLURIGENS Finlay, 1930.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
GLOBIVENUS Coen, 1934  >
Globivenus Coen, 1934; Vaught, 1989: 135; Le Renard, 1996: 174.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
PERIGLYPTA Jukes-Browne, 1914  >
Cytherea Röding, 1798 (non Fabricius, 1794); Proxichione Iredale, 1929; Tigammona Iredale, 1930.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
VENTRICOLARIA Keen, 1954  >
Ventricola Authors (non Römer, 1867).
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
Subfamily: CIRCINAE back to menutop of page
GOULDIA C. B. Adams, 1847  >
Gouldia Adams C.B., 1847; Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Gafrarinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 135 [Veneridae]; Thetis Adams C. B., 1845 (non Sowerby J., 1826); Subgenus: GOULDIA s.s., Gouldia (Gouldia); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Gafrarinae]; Subgenus: CIRCENITA Jousseaume, 1888, Circenita Jousseaume, 1888, Circe (Circenita); Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae], Gouldia (Circenita); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Gafrarinae], Circentia Keen, 1989 (err.); Subgenus: CRENOCIRCE Habe, 1960, Gouldia (Crenocirce); Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae]; Subgenus: DORISCA Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938, Gouldia (Dorisca); Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae]; Subgenus: GOULDIOPA Iredale, 1924, Gouldia (Gouldiopa); Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae].
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
CIRCE Schumacher, 1817  >
Subgenus: FLUCTIGER Iredale, 1924; Subgenus: LAEVICIRCE Habe, 1951; Subgenus: MICROCIRCE Habe, 1951; Subgenus: PARMULOPHORA Dall, 1905, pro Parmulina Dall, 1902 (non Penard, 1902); Subgenus: PRIVIGNA Dall, Bartsch & Rehder, 1938; Subgenus: REDICIRCE Iredale, 1936.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Circe scriptaCirce cf. scripta (Linné, 1758) - Kuwait, 49mm. Ref.:  
GAFRARIUM Röding, 1798  >
Gafrarium Röding, 1798; Vaught, 1989: 135 [Circinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 175 [Veneridae]; Crista Römer, 1857.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
PARVICIRCE von Cosel, 1995  >
Parvicirce von Cosel, 1995: 80. Type species (o.d.): Parvicirce donocina von Cosel, 1995; fossil, upper Eocene, Paris Basin and recent tropical West Africa.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
Subfamily: SUNETTINAE back to menutop of page
SUNETTA Link, 1807  >
Sunetta Link, 1807; Cuneus Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (non Da Costa, 1778), Meroe Schumacher, 1817, Sunemeroe Iredale, 1930; Subgenus: CYCLOSUNETTA Fischer-Piette, 1939; Sunettina Jousseaume, 1891 (non L. Pfeiffer, 1889) ?; Subgenus: SUNETTINA Pfeiffer, 1869, Solanderina Dall, 1902.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Sunetta scriptaSunetta scripta (Linné, 1758) - Pakistan, 20-24mm. Ref.:  
MEROENA Jukes-Browne, 1908  >
Meroena Jukes-Browne, 1908; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Sunettinae].
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
Subfamily: CHIONINAE back to menutop of page
CHIONE Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811  >
Chione Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811; Subgenus: AUSTROVENUS Finlay, 1926; Subgenus: CHIONISTA Keen, 1958; Subgenus: CHIONOPSIS Olsson, 1932, Gnidiella Parker, 1949; Subgenus: ILIOCHIONE Olsson, 1961, Anomalocardia authors (non Schumacher, 1817); Subgenus: LIROPHORA Conrad, 1883.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Chione amathusiaChione (Chionopsis) amathusia (Philippi, 1844) - Ecuador, 50mm. Panamic distribution, mostly found subtidally to depths over 200 feet. Ref.: Keen, A.M. 1971. Sea Shells of Tropical West America. Second Ed., Stanford University Press, p.186, fig. 448. Chione kellettiChione (Lirophora) kelletti (Hinds, 1845) - Panama, 41mm. Panamic distribution, in deep water. Ref.: Keen, A.M. 1971. Sea Shells of Tropical West America. Second Ed., Stanford University Press, p.190, fig. 459.
Chione latilirataChione (Liophora) latilirata (Conrad, 1841) - Florida, 33mm. Found from North Carolina south to Brazil. The illustrated shell has extremely thick concentric ribs. Ref.: Abbott, R.T., American Seashells. Second Ed., p. 524, fig. 5874. Chione mazyckiiChione cancellata mazyckii Dall, 1902 [+ C. mazycki - misspelling] - Turks & Caicos Islands, 31mm. Immediately differentiated from typical C. cancellata by the rose-to-orange colored interior. C. mazyckii is considered by some to be a full species. Roopnarine and Vermeij (2000) suggest specimens occurring along the eastern United States and Central America south to Belize are Chione elevata based on morphometric analysis. Ref.: Original Description: Dall, W.H., 1902. A synopsis of the family Veneridae and description of the North American Recent species. Proceedings of the U.S. National Museum 26:335–412.  /  Abbott, R.T., American Seashells. Second Ed., p. 523, fig. 5866.  /  Roopnarine, P.D. & G.J. Vermeij. 2000. One species becomes two: The case of Chione cancellata, the resurrected C. elevata, and a phylogenetic analysis of Chione. Journal of Molluscan Studies 66:517-534.  / Malacolog 4.1.1 (Web) - Chione mazyckii Dall, 1902. Chione mariaeChione (Lirophora) mariae (Orbigny, 1846) - Baja California, Mexico, 18.3mm. Widely spaced concentric ribs. Trawled by shrimp boat off Cabo San Lucas. Ref.: Keen, A.M. 1971. Sea Shells of Tropical West America. Second Ed., Stanford University Press, p.190, fig. 460.
Chione mariaeChione (Lirophora) mariae (Orbigny, 1846) - Pacific Panama, 30mm. Strong concentric lamellae do not converge at any point. Panamic distribution. This shell was dredged off Canal de Afuera Island in the Gulf of Chiriqui in about 250 feet of water. Ref.: Keen, A.M. 1971. Sea Shells of Tropical West America. Second Ed., Stanford University Press, p.190, fig. 460. Chione stutchburyiChione (Austrovenus) stutchburyi (Wood, 1828) - New Zealand, 42mm. Called the "Cockle of New Zealand" though not a cockle at all. Found throughout the North and South Islands on tidal mud and sand flats. Ref.: Powell, A.W.B., 1979. New Zealand Mollusca. p.426, Pl. 77 no.11.  
ANOMALOCARDIA Schumacher, 1817  >
Anomalocardia Schumacher, 1817; Triquetra Blainville, 1828; Cryptogramma Mörch, 1853; Murcia Römer, 1857 (non Koch, 1835); Subgenus: ANOMALODISCUS Dall, 1902; Subgenus: CRYPTONEMA Jukes-Browne, 1914, Cryptonemella Kuroda & Habe, 1951.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
BASSINA Jukes-Browne, 1914  >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
CALLANAITIS Iredale, 1917  >
Callanaitis Iredale, 1917; Callanatis auctt. (error); Eusalacia Cossmann, 1920; Euralacia auctt. (err.) pro Salacia Jukes-Browne, 1914 (non Lamouroux, 1816).
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Callanaitis disjecta (Perry, 1811) - Tasmania, 55mm. Ref.:  
CHAMELEA Mörch, 1853  >
Chamelea Mörch, 1853; Vaught, 1989: 135 [Chioninae]; Le Renard, 1996: 174 [Veneridae]; Ortygia Leach in Brown, 1827 (non Boie, 1826); Hermione Leach in Gray, 1852 (non Meigen, 1800).
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
CLAUSINELLA Gray, 1851  >
Clausinella Gray J.E., 1851; Vaught, 1989: 135 [Chioninae]; Le Renard, 1996: 175 [Veneridae]; Zucleica Leach in Gray, 1852; Anaitis Römer, 1857 (non Duponchel, 1829).
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
HUMILARIA Grant & Gale, 1931  >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
MERCENARIA Schumacher, 1817  >
Mercenaria Schumacher, 1817; Crassivenus Perkins, 1869.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
PLACAMEN Iredale, 1925  >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Placamen flindersiPlacamen flindersi Cotton & Godfrey, 1938 - South Australia, 19mm. Ref.:  
PROTOTHACA Dall, 1902  >
Protothaca Dall, 1902, Subgenus: ANTINIOCHE Olsson, 1961, Subgenus: CALLITHACA Dall, 1902; Gallithaca Fischer-Piette & Vukadinovic, 1977 (err.), Subgenus: COLONCHE Olsson, 1961, Subgenus: LEUKOMA Römer, 1857; Nioche Hertlein & Strong, 1948; Leucoma Mörch, 1881 (err.) (non Hübner, 1822); Granithaca Fischer-Piette & Vukadinovic, 1977, Subgenus: NOTOCHIONE Hertlein & Strong, 1948, Subgenus: NOVATHACA Habe, 1951, Subgenus: PROTOCALLITHACA Nomura, 1937, Subgenus: TROPITHACA Olsson, 1961, Subgenus: TUANGIA Marwick, 1927.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Protothaca beiliProtothaca beili (Olsson, 1961) - Panama, 44mm. Ref.:  
PUBERELLA Fischer-Piette & Vukadinovic, 1977 ?   >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
TAWERA Marwick, 1927  >
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
TIMOCLEA Brown, 1827  >
Timoclea Brown, 1827 in Leach MS: 184; Vaught, 1989: 135 [Chioninae]; Le Renard, 1996: 175 [Veneridae]; Timoclaea Stoliczka, 1870: 148 (err. po Timoclea Brown, 1827); Timodea [Beck], 1847: 116 (err. po Timoclea Brown, 1827); Pasiphae Leach in Gray, 1852 (non Latreille, 1819); Parvivenus Sacco, 1900; Vermolpa Iredale, 1930, Subgenus: CHIONERYX Iredale, 1924, Subgenus: GLYCYDONTA Cotton, 1936.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
Subfamily: MERETRICINAE back to menutop of page
MERETRIX Lamarck, 1799  >
Meretrix Lamarck, 1799 Cytherea Lamarck, 1808 (non Fabricius, 1794); Cythereites Krüger, 1823 (err.).
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
   
TIVELA Link, 1807  >
Tivela Link, 1807, Trigona Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (non Jurine, 1807); Subgenus: COMUS Cox, 1930; Subgenus: EUTIVELA Dall, 1891; Subgenus: PACHYDESMA Conrad, 1854 Pro Trigonella Conrad, 1837 (non Da Costa, 1778); Subgenus: PLANITIVELA Olsson, 1961.
Ref.: Millard, V. 1997. Classification of the Mollusca.
Tivela byronensisTivela byronensis (Gray, 1838) - Pacific Panama, 37mm. Found buried in sand in surf zone. Ref.: Keen, A.M., 1971. Sea Shells of Tropical West America. Second Ed., Stanford Univ. Press, p.162, fig. 385. Tivela damaoidesTivela damaoides Gray, 1843 - Oman, 41mm. Ref.:
Tivela hindsiiTivela hindsii (Hanley, 1844) - Ecuador, 33mm. Ref.: Tivela isabelleanaTivela isabelleana (Orbigny, 1846) - Argentina, 53mm. Ref.: Tivela mactroidesTivela mactroides (Born, 1778) - Brazil, 38mm. Ref.:
Tivela triplaTivela tripla (Linné) - The Gambia, 21-26mm. Found intertidally on black sand. Ref.: Tivela ventricosaTivela ventricosa (Hanley, 1844) - Ecuador, 33mm. Ref.:  
TIVELINA Cossmann, 1886  >
Tivelina Cossmann, 1886; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Meretricinae].
   
TRANSENNELLA Dall, 1883  >
Transennella Dall, 1883 Transenella Fischer, 1887(err.).
   
Subfamily: PITARINAE back to menutop of page
PITAR Römer, 1857  >
Pitar fulminatusPitar fulminatus (Menke, 1828) - Brazil, 48mm. Ref.: Pitar_lupanariaPitar lupanaria (Lesson, 1830) - Costa Rica, 30mm. One of the most spectacular marine bivalves. Ref.:
Pitar roseaPitar rosea (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829) - Ecuador, 47mm. Ref.:    
AMIANTIS Carpenter, 1864  >
Amiantis Carpenter, 1864; Subgenus: EUCALLISTA Dall, 1902.
   
CALLISTA Poli, 1791  >
Callista Poli, 1791; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 176 [Veneridae]; Callistoderma Poli, 1795; Chione Gray, 1838; Leach, 1852 (non Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811); Subgenus: CALLISTA s.s., Callista (Callista); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: MACROCALLISTA Meek, 1876 Callista (Macrocallista); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: MICROCALLISTA Stewart, 1930, Callista (Microcallista); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae].
   
CALLOCARDIA A. Adams, 1864  >
Callocardia A. Adams, 1864; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae]; Callocallista Weaver, 1916 (nom.null.) (non Palmer, 1927); Subgenus: AGRIOPOMA Dall, 1902, Agriodesma Dall, 1916 (nom.null.) (non Dall, 1909); Callocardia (Agriopoma); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: APHRODORA Jukes-Browne, 1914, Leucothea Jukes-Browne, 1913 (non von Martens, 1833), Callocardia (Aphrodora); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: ATOPODONTA Cossmann, 1886, Callocardia (Atopodonta); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: NITIDAVENUS Vokes, 1939, Nitidavenus Vokes, 1939, Callocardia (Nitidavenus); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae].
   
COSTACALLISTA Palmer, 1927  >
Costacallista Palmer, 1927 (non Weaver, 1916); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae]; Callista (Costacallista); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
DOLLFUSIA Cossmann, 1886  >
Dollfusia Cossmann, 1886; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae].
   
DOSINIOPSIS Conrad, 1864  >
Dosiniopsis Conrad, 1864; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Pitarinae].
   
LEPIDOCARDIA Dall, 1902  >
Lepidocardia Dall, 1902; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
LIOCONCHA Mörch, 1853  >
Lioconcha Mörch, 1853; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: SULCILIOCONCHA Habe, 1951, Lioconcha (Sulcilioconcha); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
MEGAPITARIA Grant & Gale, 1931  >
Megapitaria Grant & Gale, 1931; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
NOTOCALLISTA Iredale, 1924  >
Notocallista Iredale, 1924; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Subgenus: STRIACALLISTA Marwick, 1938, Notocallista (Stricallista); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
PELECYORA Dall, 1902  >
Pelecyora Dall, 1902; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Sinodia Jukes-Browne, 1908.
   
SAXIDOMUS Conrad, 1837  >
Saxidomus Conrad, 1837; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae]; Ezocallista Kira in Kamada, 1962 (inv.).
   
SINODIELLA Fischer-Piette & Delmar, 1967  >
Sinodiella Fischer-Piette & Delmar, 1967; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
TRANSENPITAR Fischer-Piette & Testud, 1967  >
Transenpitar Fischer-Piette & Delmar, 1967; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Pitarinae].
   
Subfamily: SAMARANGIINAE back to menutop of page
SAMARANGIA Dall, 1902  >
Samarangia Dall, 1902 Smarangia Cossmann, 1903 (err.); Petroderma Kuroda, 1945.
   
Subfamily: TAPETINAE back to menutop of page
TAPES Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811  >
Tapes Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Tapetinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Tapetinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 176 [Veneridae]; Amygdala Römer, 1857 (non Gray J.E., 1825); Parembola Römer, 1857; Ruditapes Chiamenti, 1900; Tanis Weyenberg, 1875; Tapes (Ruditapes); Vaught, 1989: 136; Subgenus: CALLISTOTAPES Sacco, 1900, Callistotapes Sacco, 1900, Paphia (Callistotapes); Vaught, 1989: 136 [Tapetinae], Tapes (Callistotapes); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Tapetinae], Hemitapes authors (non Römer).
   
EUMARCIA Iredale, 1924  >
Eumarcia_pauperculaEumarcia paupercula (Holten, 1802) - South Africa, 30-36mm. Extremely varied in shape, color and pattern. An intertidal species that lives buried in muddy sand of estuaries and sheltered bays. Synonyms include Venus kochi Philippi, 1843 and Anomalocardia alfredensis Bartsch, 1915. The pictured shells are from Durban Bay and were found exposed on sand flats at low tide. The species is found through the northern Indian Ocean to South Africa Ref.: Kilburn, R. & Rippey, E. 1982. Sea Shells of Southern Africa. Macmillan Publishers Pty. Ltd. p.199-200, Pl. 45, fig. 5, fig. 211.  
EURHOMALEA Cossmann, 1920  >
Eurhomalea Cossmann, 1920 Rhomalea Jukes-Browne, 1914 (non Koch, 1873).
   
GOMPHINA Mörch, 1853  >
Gomphina Mörch, 1853 Subgenus: GOMPHINELLA Marwick, 1927; Subgenus: JUKESENA Iredale, 1915; Acolus Jukes-Browne, 1913 (non Foerster, 1856).
   
MACRIDISCUS Dall, 1902  >
   
IRUS Schmidt, 1818  >
Irus Schmidt F.C., 1818; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Tapetinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 176 [Veneridae]; Irus Oken, 1815 (Invalid - ICZN); Subgenus: IRUSELLA Hertlein & Grant, 1972; Subgenus: NOTIRUS Finlay, 1928; Irona Finlay, 1926 (non Mabille, 1883); Subgenus: NOTOPAPHIA Oliver, 1923; Subgenus: PAPHONOTIA Hertlein & Strong, 1948.
   
KATELYSIA Römer, 1857  >
Katelysia Römer, 1857; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Tapetinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 184 [Tapetinae]; Catelysia, Katalysia, Katelisea auctt. (err.); Subgenus: TEXTIVENUS Cossmann, 1886 Katelysia (Texivenus); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 184 [Tapetinae].
Katelysia scalarinaKatelysia scalarina (Lamarck, 1818) - Western Australia, 29-33mm. Ref.: Lamprell, K. & Whitehead, T. 1992. Bivalves of Australia. Crawford House Press. Vol.1 pp. xiv, 1–182.  
LIOCYMA Dall, 1870  >
Liocyma Dall, 1870; Vaught, 1989: 136 (Tapetinae); Le Renard, 1996: 175 [Veneridae]; Lyozymia F. Nordsieck, 1969 (err.); Lyocima, Lyacyma auctt. (err.).
   
MARCIA H. &. A. Adams, 1857  >
Marcia H. &. A. Adams, 1857; Hemitapes Römer, 1864; Levimarcia Cox, 1927; Nipponomarcia Ikebe, 1941 (fossil ?); Nipponomarucia Habe, 1977 (err.); Subgenus: GRANICORIUM Hedley, 1906.
   
PAPHIA Röding, 1798  >
Paphia Röding, 1798; Vaught, 1989: 136 (Tapinae); Le Renard, 1996: 176 [Veneridae]; Arcritopaphia Iredale, 1936; Eutapes Chiamenti, 1900; Paratapes Stoliczka, 1870; Politapes Chiamenti, 1900; Textrix Römer, 1857 (non Sundevall, 1883); Subgenus: NEOTAPES Kuroda & Habe, 1971; Subgenus: PROTAPES Dall, 1902.
Paphia sulcariaPaphia sulcaria (Lamarck, 1818) - Oman, 60mm. Ref.:  
PSEPHIDIA Dall, 1902  >
Psephidia Dall, 1902 (non Pomel, 1872 - nom.nud.) pro Psephis Carpenter, 1864 (non Guenée, 1854).
   
VENERELLA Cossmann, 1886  >
Venerella Cossmann, 1886; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 184 [Tapetinae].
   
VENERITAPES Cossmann, 1886  >
Veneritapes Cossmann, 1886; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 184 [Tapetinae].
   
VENERUPIS Lamarck, 1818  >
Venerupis Lamarck, 1818: 506; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Tapinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 177 [Veneridae]; Pullastra Sowerby G.B. II, 1826; Myrsus Adams H. & A., 1858 (n.n. pro Metis Adams, H. & A., 1857); Metis Adams H. & A., 1857 (non Adams H. & A., 1856) (non Philippi, 1843); Aureitapes Chiamenti, 1900; Cyaneitapes Chiamenti, 1900; Polititapes Chiamenti, 1900; Venerirupes Swainson, 1835: 31 (err. pro Venerupis Lamarck, 1818); Venerirupis Bowdich, 1822: 5 (err. pro Venerupis Lamarck, 1818); Venerupes Swainson, 1840: 376 (err. pro Venerupis Lamarck, 1818); Venerupsis Pezant, 1908: 228 (err. pro Venerupis Lamarck, 1818); Veniorupis Norman, 1860: 5876 (err. pro Venerupis Lamarck, 1818); Subgenus: PAPHIRUS Finlay, 1927.
Venerupis_macrophyllaVenerupis macrophylla Deshayes, 1853 - Sri Lanka, 15mm. Ref.:  
Subfamily: DOSINIINAE back to menutop of page
DOSINIA Scopoli, 1777  >
   
Subfamily: CLEMENTIINAE back to menutop of page
CLEMENTIA Gray, 1842  >
Clementia Gray J.E., 1842; Vaught, 1989: 137 [Clementiniinae]; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Clementiinae]; Le Renard, 1996: 175 [Veneridae]; Blainvillia Hupé, 1854 (non Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830); Subgenus: CLEMENTIA s.s., Clementia (Clementia); Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Clementiinae].
   
COMPSOMYAX Stewart, 1930  >
Compsomyax Stewart, 1930; Vaught, 1989: 137 [Clementiniinae].
   
EGESTA Conrad, 1845  >
Egesta Conrad, 1845; Vaught, 1989: 137 [Clementiniinae]; Subgenus: TERENTIA Jukes-Browne, 1914, Egesta (Terentia; Vaught, 1989: 137 [Clementiniinae]; Euterentia Cossmann, 1920.
   
PSATHURA Deshayes, 1858  >
Psathura Deshayes, 1858; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Clementiinae].
   
Subfamily: CYCLININAE back to menutop of page
CYCLINA Deshayes, 1850  >
Cyclina Deshayes, 1850; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Cyclininae]; Eocyclina Dall, 1908.
   
CYCLINELLA Dall, 1902  >
Cyclinella Dall, 1902; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Cyclininae].
   
CYCLINORBIS Makiyama, 1926 (?)  >
Cyclinorbis Makiyama, 1926; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Cyclininae].
   
CYPRIMERIA Conrad, 1864  >
Cyprimeria Conrad, 1864; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Cyclininae].
   
FRIGICHIONE Fletcher, 1936 (?)  >
Frigichione Fletcher, 1936; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Cyclininae].
   
PALEOMARCIA Fletcher, 1936 (?)  >
Paleomarcia Fletcher, 1936; Vaught, 1989: 136 [Cyclininae].
   
Subfamily: GEMMINAE back to menutop of page
GEMMA Deshayes, 1853  >
Gemma Deshayes, 1853; Totteniana Perkins, 1869.
   
NUTRICOLA Bernard, 1982  >
   
PARASTARTE Conrad, 1862  >
Parastarte Conrad, 1862 Callicistronia Dall, 1883.
   
PLESIASTARTE Fischer, 1887  >
Plesiastarte Fischer, 1887; Pacaud & Le Renard, 1995: 183 [Gemminae].
   
ROHINI Semper, 1862 (Fossil ?)   >
   
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